Top 10 Greatest Muslim Scientists In History
What we know about our universe and its happenings today are due to the efforts and doings of our ancestors and especially the scientists in the history. Our new researches are being based on their theories and what we have achieved today, it is because of them. Today, most of the people issue their theories on a wide platform, mainly social media that gets all the attention and support. But in the past, scientists and researchers had to go through a great deal of effort to make sure their theories were heard. They even did not have the latest technologies many scientists today have. Many scientists in history were to a great deal, Muslims. But with time, Muslims did not treasure their ancestors’ researches and therefore, other nations got their theories and excelled in many fields in which many Muslim countries lack. The Top 10 Greatest Muslim Scientists In History are:
10. NASIR AL-DIN AL-TUSI
Abu Jafar Muhammad Ibn Muhammad Ibn al Hasan Nasir al Din al Tusi lived during 1201-1274 A.D. and contributed a lot to the field of mathematics, science, astronomy, and philosophy and was the best prolific writer and physician of his time. He discovered the 5 formulas for solving right angled triangle and many trigonometric rules.
9. ALI IBN RABBAN AL-TABARI
Abu al Hasan Ali Ibn Sahl Rabban al Tabari lived during 838-870 A.D., was a successful calligraphist and a physician and was expert in the field of astronomy, mathematics, philosophy and many different languages including Greek and Syrian language. He published a medical encyclopedia by the name ‘Firdous Al Hikmat’.
8. ABU ABDULLAH AL BATTANI
Abu Abdullah Muhammad Ibn Jaabir Ibn Sinan al Battani al Harrani was born in Haran and living during 858-929 A.D. He was not only a famous mathematician, but also excelled in the fields of astronomy and astrology. He was the brilliant scientist to discover that a year consists of 365 days, 5 hours, 46 minutes and 24 second.
7. IBN AL-BAYTAR
Abu Muhammad Abdullah Ibn Ahmad Ibn al-Baitar Dhiya al-Din al-Malaqi was a brilliant scientist in Spain. He was expert in the fields of botany and pharmacy and has introduced different encyclopedias of different plants, vegetables and medicines. He died in 1248 A.D., after living successful life.
6. ABU AL-NASR AL-FARABI
Born in a small village called Wasij, Abu Nasr Muhammad Ibn al-Farakh al-Farabi was a brilliant scientist, contributing to various fields like mathematics, medicine, philosophy, sociology and medicine. He lived during the period (870-950 C.E.). He wrote many books in fields like sociology, music and philosophy.
5. JABIR IBN HAYYAN (JABIR)
A famous alchemist of his time, Jabir ibn Haiyan was famous was by the title of ‘father of chemistry’. He lived during the period 776-803 C.E. and contributed majorly in the field of Alchemy and Medicine. His discoveries include the invention of dye, leather and different chemical instruments.
4. IBN SINA (AVICENNA)
Born near Bukhara, Abu Ali al-Husain Ibn Abdullah Ibn Sina was the greatest physician and philosopher of his time. He contributed to the fields of astronomy mathematics anatomy and science. His discovered diseases like tuberculosis and phthisis. He lived during the year (980-1037 C.E.)
3. ABU ALI HASSAN IBN UL-HAITHAM (ALHAZEN)
Abu Ali Hassan Ibn ul Haitham was famous by the title ‘father of optics’ and majorly contributed to the fields of Medicine, physics, mathematics and mainly Optics. He was the one to discover theory behind rainbows shadows and eclipses and mainly studied nature of light. He lived during (965-1040 C.E.)
2. ABU’L WALID MUHAMMAD IBN RUSHD (AVERROES)
Born in Cordova and lived during (1128-1198 C.E.), Abu’l Walid Muhammad Ibn Rushd contributed largely in the fields of medicine, jurisprudence, philosophy and music. He introduced a book stating the cure, diagnosis and prevention of many different diseases and wrote almost 20 books only on medicine
1. AL-RAZI (RHAZES)
Lived from (864-930 C.E.), Abu Bakr Muhammad Ibn Zakariya al-Razi was born in Iran. He was the greatest mathematician of his time and contributed mainly in the field of medicine, mathematics and astronomy. He wrote books stating chemical processes and discovered many diseases and their cures.