Volcano Information – Top 10 Deadliest Volcanoes in The World
Are you looking for Volcano Information? Our world has been blessed with hundreds and thousands of beautiful possessions. We see natural beauty spread all around us like mountains, rivers, seas, oceans and much more. What we don’t do is, be thankful for them. While some of these blessings prove beneficial and helpful to mankind, they can also cause trouble and become a means of destruction for certain people. One of the major Natural phenomenons in our world is the Volcano. Volcanoes are actually ruptures in the crust of our Earth that makes red hot liquid called Lava, Ash and Gases to erupt from the magma chamber situated below the surface. These eruptions cause mass destruction while Ash can affect airplanes. Let us discuss Top 10 Deadliest Volcanoes in The World.
10. Mauna Loa, Hawaii
The largest volcano in the world, Mauna Loa makes up the Island of Hawaii, (along other 5 volcanoes) stretching to the mid of Pacific Ocean. For the past 700,000 years, Mauna Loa has been erupting regularly and the most recent one occurred in 1984. The most DANGEROUS thing about Mauna Loa is the lava it erupts. In 1950, a village named Ho’okena Mauka was burned to ashes by this lava even in 1984 it caused danger to many people.
9. Taal Volcano, Philippines
A cinder cone volcano, The Taal Volcano is situated on the island of Luzon, Philippines and lies at the middle of Lake Taal. It is located only 31 miles away from Manila which is the capital of the Philippines and shelters 1.6 million people.
Since 1572, The Taal Volcano has erupted 33 times. Almost 5000-6000 people have been affected by these eruptions of Taal Volcano. Today people are allowed to view this active volcano from very far away at the Volcano Island.
8. Ulawun, Papua New Guinea
One of the most active volcanoes, Ulawun is situated in Papua New Guinea. All the Eruptions from Ulawun actually initiate form the central crater. Since 1700s, 22 eruptions at Ulawun have been recorded. Every now and then the residents witness ash and lava erupting from this volcano in the surrounding. Ulawun is extremely dangerous as it is placed to an extreme height and can cause destruction of almost 100 km square of its neighboring land.
7. Mt. Nyiragongo, Democratic Republic of Congo
One of the most active volcanoes on the African continent, Mt. Nyiragongo is well known for its large lava lakes, frequently appearing in its crater. Nyiragongo is dangerous to its surrounding communities, because it is a stratovolcano contains a large lake of fluid lava and is unique. The walls of the Volcano’s crater fractured in 1977, causing the lava lakes to erupt and within an hour, traveled at 60 miles an hour and destroyed homes of many residents. IN 2002 it caused 147 deaths, 120,000 homeless people and almost 4500 destroyed buildings.
6. Mt. Merapi, Indonesia
Mt. Merapi or Mountain of Fire is located in Indonesia and is famous for producing so much lava that no other volcano has achieved. Mt. Merapi has regularly erupted since 1548 and been active for almost 10,000 years. The lava flows from Mt. Merapi flow until 3-4 miles and even until 8 miles and travel at about 70 miles/hour. It caused 353 people to die and made 320,000 residents homeless, in 2010.
5. Galeras, Colombia
Galeras is a volcano that is situated in Southern Columbia near the border with Ecuador. It has been active for almost 1 million years and erupts very frequently. Its first eruption in 1580 caused mass destruction. It has erupted in 1988, 1993- 9 killings and since 2000, this volcano erupts every year, releasing lava and ash and also producing tremors in the area.
4. Sakurajima, Japan
Sakurajima is situated in Japan and once, was its own island, but in 1914, lava flows from the eruption joined it to mainland. Due to its high activity, it is termed as the “Vesuvius of the east”. Almost 1000 small explosions are witnessed every year from this volcano, releasing ash in the area. Almost 70000 residents are affected by the regular eruptions and that is why volcano shelters are set up across the area.
3. Popocatépetl, Mexico
Popocatépetl is a volcano that is situated about 35 miles from the city of Mexico. It is a glacier covered peak and almost 9 million people reside within the blast region of this volcano. Popocatépetl HAS ERUPTED 20 TIMES SINCE 1519 and the most recent is the one in 2000 which evacuated 41000 people but a mass destruction was prevented.
2. Mt. Vesuvius, Italy
Mount Vesuvius is situated in Campania, Italy and is one of the world’s most dangerous volcanoes. Its last eruption was in 1944 but mostly has an eruption cycle of 20 years. It is located 5 miles east to Naples and almost 3 million people live in the vicinity of this crater. Its mass destruction was the eruption of 79 A.D, which destroyed the cities of Herculaneum and Pompeii completely.
1. Yellowstone Caldera, United States of America
Yellowstone is famous for its beautiful parks in the US, but a deadly super-volcano resides underneath it that can wipe out US. The last supervolcano eruption was 640,000 years ago right here. Yellowstone is a caldera, a sunken area that can blow and wipe out humanity. It can causes destruction of about 87000 people and the ash and gas can affect food and jet planes.